James Monroe was an American statesman who served as fifth president of United States of America from 1817 to 1825. He was the last president of US among the Founding Fathers of the United States. Monroe was in the planter class and also fought in the American Revolution War. This article is about James Monroe Life History, Education, various accomplishments and achievements he got during his life.
James Monroe Life History And Education
Starting with the early life history, James Mornoe was born on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County. Virginia, James Monroe fought under George Washington and studied law with Thomas Jefferson. He was elected the fifth president of the United States in 1817. He is remembered for the Monroe Doctrine, as well as for expanding U.S territory via the acquisition of Florida from Spain. Monroe, who died in 1831, was the last of the Founding Fathers.
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James Monroe Political Career
After the war, James Monroe studied law under the tutorage of Thomas Jefferson, beginning a life-long personal and professional relationship. In 1782, he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, and from 1783 to 1786, he served in the Continental Congress, then meeting in New York. While there, he met and courted Elizabeth Kortright, the daughter of a prosperous New York merchant. The couple married on February 16, 1786, and moved to Fredericksburg, Virginia. Monroe proved to not be as successful a farmer as his father and, in time, sold his property to practice law and enter politics.
After the 1787 Federal Convention, Monroe initially joined the anti-Federalists in opposing ratification of the new constitution because it lacked a bill of rights. However, he and several key figures withheld their reservations and vowed to push for changes after the new government was established. Virginia narrowly ratified the Constitution, paving the way for a new government.
In 1790, James Monroe ran for a House seat but was defeated by James Madison. Monroe was quickly elected by the Virginia legislature as a United States senator, and soon joined the Democratic-Republican faction led by Jefferson and Madison opposing the Federalist policies of Vice President John Adams and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Within a year of his election, Monroe rose to become his party’s leader in the Senate.
Following the custom set by President Washington of only serving two terms, Madison decided not to run for a third term paving the way for James Monroe to be the Democratic-Republican candidate. With little opposition from the now-fading Federalist Party, Monroe became the fifth president of the United States. He began his presidency with a tour of the northern states, during which time a Boston newspaper described Monroe’s reception as an “Era of Good Feelings.”
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The declaration was more than media hype. The United States could claim a victory in the War of 1812 because of the favorable peace treaty. The nation’s economy was booming and the only opposing political party, the Federalists, was on life support. During the first year of Monroe’s administration, he continued his outreach to other parts of the country with successful tours in 1818 and 1819. He also made some smart choices to fill his cabinet, appointing a Southerner, John C. Calhoun, as secretary of war, and a Northerner, John Quincy Adams, as secretary of state.
James Monroe Accomplishments Achievements & Awards
James Monroe served as fifth president of United States of America & during his presidency tenure, he got several accomplishments and achievements which are elaborated below.
- Monroe indicators the Tariff of 1824 into legislation, implementing protectionist measures in help of native manufactures and items. Complaints come up within the South with cotton-growers petrified of British retaliation for the rise in worth.
- He forces the Cherokee tribe to maneuver south of the Mississippi
- President James Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise. The Compromise was made up of three components: it admitted Maine, a part of northern Massachusetts, as a free state; it admitted Missouri as a slave state; and it henceforth restricted slavery to territories south of the latitude 36º30′ north.
- The Doctrine of Monroe was put into place.
- 1) The USA wouldn’t get entangled in European affairs.
- 2) The USA wouldn’t intervene with present European colonies within the Western Hemisphere.
- 3) No different nation might kind a brand new colony within the Western Hemisphere. four) If a European nation tried to regulate or intervene with a nation within the Western Hemisphere, the US would view it as a hostile act in opposition to this nation.